If you’re like most drivers, you take power steering for granted. It’s only when your car starts to pull to one side or the other that you realize how important it is. But what exactly is power steering and how does it work? In this article, we will explain everything drivers need to know about power steering, from its history to how it works today. We’ll also answer some common questions about power steering, such as how to troubleshoot a problem with it and what can cause it to fail.
The history of power steering
The history of power steering be traced back to the 1800s but it wasn’t until 1926 when an inventor named Francis W. Davis created a hydraulic steering system for automobiles. It still took until 1956 for power steering to become available on production vehicles. The first power steering system was called the “Hydro-Kinetic” Power Steering System and was developed by Chrysler. It used a power steering pump, a hydraulic cylinder and an engine-driven fan to create the pressure necessary to push fluid through hoses into cylinders on each side of the vehicle. The result was that drivers could turn their wheels with less effort than ever before!
The concept of using hydraulics for power steering has remained largely unchanged since then, although there have been a few advancements over the years. For example, in the early 1990s variable-assist power steering became available on some vehicles. This type of system uses sensors to detect how much effort the driver is putting into turning the wheel and then adjusts the amount of hydraulic fluid sent to the cylinders accordingly. This helps to ensure that drivers always get the right amount of turning effort when they need it, without having to put too much effort into turning at any time.
How power steering works in modern cars
Modern vehicles are now equipped with electric power steering (EPS) systems. These systems rely on an electric motor and a gear rack instead of hydraulics for assistance. The motor is controlled by sensors that measure how much effort the driver is putting into turning the wheel and then adjusts accordingly.
How to troubleshoot a problem with your power steering system
When you have a problem with your power steering, there are some things that you can check before taking it to an auto repair shop. If you turn on your vehicle and notice right away that it’s hard to turn, then there may be an issue with the power steering fluid. Check your owner’s manual to see where the reservoir is located and top off as necessary before taking it anywhere else.
You can also look under the hood of your vehicle for any leaks around hoses or fittings in case they have come loose over time due to wear and tear on these parts, which could cause a leak in the system. If there are any leaks, you can try tightening them up yourself or take it into an auto repair shop for assistance if necessary.
What causes power steering failure?
There are many reasons why a vehicle’s power steering may fail including:
Low power steering fluid levels
Leaking power steering hoses or fittings
A seized power steering pump
Worn out power steering gears or bearings
If you are experiencing problems with your power steering, it’s best to take it into an auto repair shop for diagnosis and repairs. They will be able to determine the cause of the problem and fix it.